Hidden in ancient paintings in the New Year’s secret words

2022-04-25 0 By

Among the artistic expressions related to the Spring Festival, there is a traditional painting system called The Picture of the Old Dynasty.”Sui Chao” refers to the first day of the first lunar month, “The Book of the Later Han · Zhou Pan biography” there is “sui Chao gather all the living, talk all day” record.Sui Chao Tu is a painting theme that began to rise in the imperial palace of the Song Dynasty to express good wishes for the New Year.After gradual evolution, Sui Chao Tu can be roughly divided into two categories: one is the scene of people gathering to celebrate the Festival during the “Spring Festival”, from which we can see the customs of people during the Spring Festival;The other kind of paintings were mostly named after the paintings of qing Dynasty, with flowers and vegetables as the theme, reflecting the interests and hobbies of literati.”Sui Chao Tu” contains rich, profound implication, elegant and popular taste, add a peaceful and festive atmosphere to the festival.When people look at such paintings, they may feel elegant and pleasing to the eye, or they may feel monotonous and dull.But in fact, the contents in the paintings are carefully selected and designed by the ancients. Those little thoughts hidden in them are just like a set of passwords, which need us to ponder and discover.Introduction “Sui Chao Tu” written by Lu Zhi of Ming Dynasty can be said to be the standard model for entry level.White glaze ice crack penetration ear bottle inserted plum, tea, bamboo, milk nail string grain pot planted narcissus.Before potted flower is lily, persimmon, yi composition of Pepsi yi combination, yi rear plate flourishing ear, and cooperation year after year.From this we can see that the Sui Dynasty Map often includes two parts: seasonal things and auspicious things.Seasonal things, used to point out the time, common around the New Year flowers, they are also endowed with good wishes.Bottle flowers, the most common is the plum blossom (meikai Spring letter), bamboo (heaven wishes peace) and camellia (spring flowers) composed of the three sisters, sometimes with bamboo, pine, cypress (meaning evergreen) and other green plants.Potted flowers, usually narcissus, also evergreen, sometimes with ganoderma lucidum and qishi (meaning longevity).Auspicious things come from a large family, usually with puns or symbolic meanings, which have been deeply rooted in the blood of traditional Chinese culture. We are familiar with the following:Lily + persimmons + luck = Pepsi ruyi apple + ruyi peony vase + = = peace ruyi wealth peace bergamot + citron = 1: a complete bergamot + = 1 evergreen evergreen + Chinese rose ten thousand = ten thousand changchun ganoderma lucidum + stone = longevity narcissus, ganoderma lucidum/stone = fairy birthday fireworks bamboo/bamboo = ok if want to express “suisui peace” blessing,Generally select rice ears, vases, apples, quail and so on;If you want to express “blessing”, you can choose Fingers, citron, bats, etc.If you want to express “longevity”, you can choose longevity stone, Chinese rose, chrysanthemum, pine and cypress, flat peach, etc.Want to express “many children and grandchildren” can be painted pomegranate, grape, gourd, lotus, etc.;Peony, hibiscus and osmanthus flowers are used to express “wealth and splendor”.This kind of clever combination, auspicious meaning, from ancient inheritance up to now.In addition to natural things, there are some artificial objects, such as the bottle and plant combination, ruyi, and homophonic auspicious halberd, qing, and on behalf of the Spring Festival charcoal basin, firecrackers, spring flags and so on.On top of the basic composition, the painter would add elements to the picture to show what was popular at the time, or to point to the year of the year, or to hint at the painter’s own identity and character.In front of a potted plum and daffodil bonsai, the Yuan Dynasty’s “Sui Dynasty Map” depicts a squirrel stealing nuts. The porcelain vase of fruit storage is overturned, spilling melon seeds on the floor, and two walnuts are rolling beside it.Can you think of the combination of melon seeds and walnuts?That is — posterity and harmony.At the same time, the squirrel is probably the symbol of the Year of the Rat. Ancient people rarely depicted a mouse in their paintings, but used squirrels instead.The painting spread to the Qing Dynasty, where court painter Dong Gao drew a copy of it, and Emperor Qianlong customized a kesi dynasty drawing inspired by the latter.The magnificent blue and white beauty gu is filled with plum tea and bamboo, occupying the main body of the picture. In the lower right corner, you can see a small squirrel stealing melon seeds, and three firecrackers are standing behind.Above the poem, “A mouse tries five skills, but it pours the melon into the pot.”Ming Dynasty tao cheng a “year old dynasty map”, in addition to the time spent auspicious things, half of the ink and ink to the wine related objects, drinking bronze goblet, warm wine 榾柮 furnace (burning wood blocks of the brazen), sheng wine bottle poppies.At the same time, the artifacts in the painting are replaced by corresponding bronze vessels.The passion for antiquities and the preference for independent action suggest the identity of painters and literati.Similar paintings are by Zhang Hong of the Ming Dynasty’s Wumen school.A pot of wine is warming in the 榾柮 stove in the center of the picture.The fruit bowl at the back holds the Buddha’s hand, and the flower arrangement objects are a thin bronze vase and a clear white porcelain vase, matched with a plum with an inkline outline and a light colored bamboo.In front of the brazier, there is also an offering table, on which there are incense jars and tribute fruits, giving a full ceremonial sense of the New Year.These objects, in addition to the decoration of the New Year, but also the display of the painter’s collection, as the postscript says, “Jia Shen at the age of down’s sheng Museum in addition to freehand brushwork and copy life hidden all play on.Wu Men zhang Hong.”In addition to implying their own unique feelings in the pictures, the literati would also create the pictures of the Year dynasty together with their friends at gatherings, taking the works as souvenirs of the elegant collection.Each part of the vase Offering painting, co-painted by Gao Jian and others in the Qing Dynasty, is by a different artist, with each person’s signature visible on the edge.I mentioned earlier that during the Qianlong period, there were many kesi works based on paintings. In fact, in addition to kesi, we can also see the pictures of the Dynasties made of other materials.For example, Baibao inlay.Baibao Inlaid in the age of ji Xiang imperial system inscriptions of poems hanging screen, using a variety of porcelain, jade, precious stones, gold and silver materials inlaid, also can only be made by the royal.Among them, each part is placed sporadically, with little correlation between each other, and there has been a sign of patterned old dynasty map.In the later development, the picture of the Qing Dynasty evolved into decorative patterns, appearing in the art of clothing, architecture and so on.In the folk, the painter’s painting style is lively, like to add some interesting special objects.Such as tumbler dolls, dolls, birthday dolls or common street objects.In the Qing Dynasty, such pictures were absorbed by folk plate paintings and became a popular theme of New Year paintings.Advanced use of advanced means that a variety of New Year or auspicious themes can be skillfully combined into one painting.The kesi Yichun Xian Xian Dynasty drawing from the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty is enough to make people sigh.The first half of the picture was made in the reign of Emperor Kangxi, while the second half was made in the reign of Emperor Qianlong.The central cloisonne double ring ear vase (bao Fu), with pine, plum and bamboo, hanging a string of colorful flags (spring) on the pine branches, and a wedding spider knot in the plum (beaming).There is a white jade handle behind the vase.Right rear firecrackers, suona, pupudeng these children’s toys.There are apples and persimmons in the fruit bowl.Water chestnuts were scattered in front of them, and cannons were standing.There are taiping drums and kite stalls in front of the left, which are also children’s New Year games.Flower basket behind a halberd, hanging qing pendant (auspicious), goldfish in the glass tank (more).Qing Dynasty map Qing Dynasty qianlong red sandalwood frame hundred treasures inlaid in the old dynasty auspicious imperial system poem hanging screen (the picture is the data map) application familiar with the combination of these old dynasty for the combination of images, you can describe the scenery alone, it is applied to a variety of other festival paintings.In the baby drama pictures popular in the Qing Dynasty, the offerings of the qing Dynasty were used as background or specific objects to blend into the paintings.For example, Feng Ning’s “Auspicious picture”, a charcoal basin in the foreground, the picture of bottles, basins, baskets are festive flowers, the center of the picture is a child qing scene (auspicious), qing below a white jade ruyi, together is auspicious ruyi, is also the most important theme of this painting.In Kim Jung-pyo’s old dynasty painting, the scene of baby play is set in a courtyard filled with plum blossoms and bamboo trees. Children are playing gongs, drums and playing suona music to celebrate the auspicious New Year.