8,000 years ago, who was the front-line in China?The south article
A Luoyang shovel, ten thousand years of Chinese history!The last time I climbed the cultural highland in the north 8,000 years ago:Big thrive in northeast depression culture of nomadic area north of yinshan he culture to Gu Hu originated in the middle reaches of the Yellow River’s PeiLiGang taihang foothill, 3 types: the old downstream – the southern hebei central north lucky culture, as the center of gravity after magnetic mountain culture in the north of shandong wen-hua li upstream of the Yellow River culture and the bay, gansu province in 8000, nearly silent point along the mountains of northern culture this is about 8The “Big Dipper” of northern Chinese culture in 2000.Then, what was the face of southern China south of the Huai River at this time?Have they fallen far behind the north?Have you secured Nan Man?Distribution map of main Neolithic Cultural sites in China from Central China to Southern Hubei 8000 years ago, the Pengtou Mountain culture, which originated in the last millennium and located in the south of the Yangtze River and north of Hunan, is coming to an end.The chengbeixi culture, about 100 kilometers away from the pengtoushan site, started around BC6500.The lower level of Soap City, closer to pengtou Mountain site, dates from the beginning of BC6000.Some scholars believe that Chengbeixi and the lower layer of Zao City are the two flowers of Pengtou Mountain — Pengtou Mountain culture evolved and split in Hunan, forming Chengbeixi culture and zao City lower layer culture. They are geographically adjacent and have similar cultural features. Because the lower layer of Zao City is later than Chengbeixi, it was once classified as Chengbeixi culture.The Chengbeixi Cultural sites are located near the boundary of the second and third steps in China (the transition zone between the mountains of western Hubei and the Jianghan Plain), and are mainly distributed near the confluence of the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River, the qingjiang River, the tributary of the Yangtze River, and the areas near the Yangtze River.Most of the sites are located in yichang city in western Hubei Province.Today, people in Chengbeixi, hubei province, cook rice with cultivated rice.Their pottery mainly consisted of POTS, cauldrons, bowls and pans. They also made pottery supports for pottery cauldrons, forming a pattern of “three-legged cauldrons standing upright”. There was also a pottery cover.Chengbeixi Pottery Support (three supports, used to support pottery kettle) The lace red pottery basin unearthed in zhicheng North site may have appeared at this time in 8000 years, and it is one of the representative tools of Chengbeixi culture: pottery making techniques mostly stick to the clay paste method, and the material is mainly red pottery mixed with sand.The technological process and many sites in the north of the plate plastic method is a generation behind.At the time of 8000, the sun Man, the representative cultural relic of Chengbeixi, would not appear for more than 1,000 years.Chengbeixi cultural site has a high density, but its scope is basically limited to the prefecture-level city area. Its cultural scope is not large, and it is not important in the Cultural map of China in 8000 years.Hunan At this time Hubei is connected with hunan umbilical cord blood.8000 year is another branch of Pengtou Mountain culture — the beginning of the lower culture of Zaoshi.The lower culture of Zao City and chengbeixi culture are adjacent to each other and highly overlapping, mainly distributed in the north of Changde City.Rice has been included in the diet of people in Soap City.To clip sand red pottery, mud paste craft.Bottom for the circle, circle foot, flat bottom, not seen three legs.High collar pot, circle foot device most.It shows that the tripod in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River failed to radiate to the north of Hunan.The year 8000 is the beginning of the soap market, in 8000 at this point in the stage, the soap market is not the protagonist.Eastern China – Southern Jiangsu province: at this time in 8000, the Shunshan Culture in northern Jiangsu was almost silent.The province of Jiangsu, south of the Huai River, was quiet and quiet.Anhui: The xiaoshankou, ancient Tai Temple and ditch sites in Suzhou, northern Anhui, belong to the same culture. They are all around 8000 years old and are the earliest Neolithic sites in Anhui.Xiaoshankou unearthed sand red pottery, stone grinding plate + stone grinding rod, living to agriculture plus fishing and hunting.Face is different from Pei Ligang, after Li, but the current information is limited.Light is henan Peili Gang, Shandong after li cover.Zhejiang: The Shangshan culture centered on Jinqu Basin has been silent, while hemudu culture has not yet been opened.At that time, zhejiang developed two “coastal cultures” along the southern bank of Hangzhou Bay. The first one was the Jingtou Mountain culture, which originated in 8300 years ago.Jingtou Mountain is located in the eastern part of the south bank of Hangzhou Bay, now within the jurisdiction of Yuyao, Ningbo, facing the bay at that time.Because just dug a phase, living condition is unknown at present.According to the archaeological findings so far, Jingtou Mountain was the peak of Chinese woodworking skills at that time.They made the earliest OARS in China: the wooden handle of the unearthed stone axe has left the archaeological community amazed at the level of woodwork at that time (only seen at the same time).The bottom 5 pieces on the right are wooden handles of stone cauldron, and 2 pieces are illustrated with stone axes.The third on the left shall be the remnants of the double-headed OARS.There are other wooden with pin wooden, wooden spear, etc.The earliest wooden bowl in China is used: the pottery is mainly sand-filled, and the pottery is gray brown and red brown.Process mud stack add pat, a small amount of colored pottery.Pottery kettle with pottery support, pottery bowl, pottery cup……Constitute a complete genealogy of kitchen pottery.Jingtou mountain cooking utensils: arrowheads, deer horn cones, swim bladder, chisel, needle, spoon, bead, hairpin, whistle.Oyster shell processing and grinding apparatus: scoop, shovel, knife, spoon.Weaving apparatus: bamboo fish basket, reed fish cover, grass fishing basket, mat, 1-2 mm string of fishing net.Let us have a glimpse of the earliest woven objects in China!Jingtou Mountain weaving China’s earliest lacquer ware (unearthed 18 layers, 8200 years) Jingtou Mountain people take seafood as an important staple food, eating oysters, Marine fish, peach and other cultivated rice has been included in the diet.It is the forerunner of the world’s Marine foodies.China’s earliest OARS, wooden bowls, lacquerware…There is no doubt that jingtou Mountain people are versatile, skilled craftsmen at that time, and the highland of “Made in China”.The paddles and diet of jingtou Mountain people prove that they are the highland of Chinese Marine culture and an important origin of the early Marine culture of the world.Jingtou Mountain is the origin of Hemudu culture in the next millennium.The southern bank of Hangzhou Bay, 112 kilometers away from Jingtou Mountain, is the center of cross-lake bridge culture.Chuanghu Bridge is located at the end of hangzhou Bay, west of shangshan Site downstream.The year 8000 was the beginning of the bridge across the lake.Cross-lake bridge and Jingtou Mountain are similar in location and cultural features.Residence: there are earth walls and wooden staircases on the bridge. The specific residence needs to be further explored.Wooden work: The bridge has the earliest canoe in China (but with the later opening of Jingtou Mountain, this position will probably be replaced).Have a paddle.Wood for individual mortise and tenon pieces, wood plate, straight wood bow.Pottery: The pottery has been made of clay plate construction, and the leading slow wheel finishing technology at that time.There are colored pottery, black light pottery and white pottery in the middle and late period.There are POTS, beans, original structure of pottery support, pottery with steaming holes and so on.Some scholars have suggested that some of the pottery forms of the Bridge may have been influenced by the Pengtou Mountain in Hunan province. The discovery of the Shangshan culture has left this view open to re-evaluation.The west and south of Hunan province are the centers of Chinese white pottery. Judging from the shapes and patterns of white pottery that appeared in the middle and late period of The Bridge, hunan seems to have exerted an influence on the bridge (if pengtou Mountain is traced back, it is a continuous influence).Bone: the production of fine bone needle, sharp bone cone, nail shaped bone planer.Spinners: Found horizontal pitch loom parts, spinning wheels.Lacquerware: 120 cm long straight wooden bow with red paint.On the application level, lacquerware is one of the greatest creations in the iterative process from stone, bone and pottery to lacquer, bronze and porcelain.Judging from the existing archaeological results, there is no doubt that the coast of Hangzhou Bay is the highland of Chinese lacquer ware at this time, and it is also the origin of the “ten-mile red makeup” during the marriage in Ningshao Plain thousands of years later.This lacquer bow is a little later than that of Jingtou Mountain. Although it is not the earliest in China, it is far more exquisite than that of Jingtou Mountain. It is the peak of Chinese lacquer ware about 8000 years ago.Cross lake bridge red paint straight wooden bow jade ware: the earliest jade ware found in the south: jade Huang, arc shaped jade tube.Agriculture: People across the lake bridge cultivate rice.Livestock: raising dogs, has opened the domestication of pigs.Food: eat buffalo, dolphins, barbecue, bone marrow.Medicine: They cook individual herbs in small clay POTS.Instrument: Three-hole bone flute (compared with the seven-hole flute that has evolved in Jiahu, Henan province, zhejiang at that time is two stages behind Henan province in terms of Musical Instruments) totem: or important symbol.The sun patterns on the colored pottery of Chuahu Bridge are related to the earlier Shangshan site located in the upstream, and highly overlapped with the sun patterns on the painted pottery of Qiaotou site in Yiwu, shangshan culture.The sun-themed pottery appeared in hunan province at a similar age and in Hemudu, Zhejiang Province, later than the Bridge.Text: the inscription across the lake bridge can only be regarded as the rudiment of the text.Cultural relationship: The cross-lake bridge culture is quite different from hemudu in the east and Majiabang on the other side of qiantang River, and seems to be related to the middle reaches of Yangtze River.The whole is obviously “hybrid appearance”, which should have its mainstream appearance in the subdivision period.There are a small part of local heritage, such as painted pottery, and there are obvious differences, some abrupt in zhejiang neolithic pedigree.The cross-lake bridge has part of shangshan culture, but not much, such as shangshan painted pottery, but the proportion of painted pottery unearthed in the cross-lake bridge is not large.The xiaohuangshan ruins in Shengzhou of Shaoxing is an important junction connecting the shangshan mountain and the Cross-lake Bridge: the lower layer of Xiaohuangshan mountain is the shangshan mountain, and the second section overlapped with the cross-lake bridge, but it was not as delicate as the cross-lake bridge, which may have been influenced by the bridge.Some experts believe that the bridge, which started 8,000 years ago, communicated with and was influenced by a culture in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, possibly pengtou Mountain.Cultural exchange should leave a mark along the way. For this hypothesis, it is necessary to build a complete chain of evidence to gradually explain the cross-lake bridge that was previously thought to be “born in the air”, because it is not obvious in the continuity of the relationship with the surrounding culture of Zhejiang.The number of cultural sites across the lake bridge is not many, the distribution of influence is not wide, but the height is amazing, the lacquer is amazing!The disappearance of the cross-lake bridge culture due to Marine invasion has little influence on the subsequent culture of Zhejiang, so it belongs to the cultural branch of Zhejiang from the perspective of the subsequent influence.Jiangxi: It seems to be silent.Fujian: Those strange and caves from paleolithic to Neolithic survived another 1,000 years.In the caves near the foot of the mountain they built wooden houses, which were lined with red sand and burned with earth.Sandstone gravel grinding fish carved drilling accessories, bone tubes made of bird bone.They make clay, wavy pottery, and fish hooks made from bone.They may have domesticated pigs and dogs.A variety of bats and rats are on the tongues of qi and Dong people — which seems to be the source of the ninghua dried rats’ diet.According to molecular biologist Fu Qiaomei, the genes collected in qihe Cave proved that Fujian was one of the main sources of genes for the indigenous people of the South Pacific island group.The only recoverable pottery in Qihedong may be different from the people in Fujian 8,000 years ago, but in terms of houses and art, they belong to the same generation.South China West Nanning top lion mountain two phase began to start.Dingshi Mountain is a representative of the shell mound sites in the upper reaches of the Pearl River.They built rail-shaped buildings with rectangular bottoms — predating Hemudu in Zhejiang Province.The space has been divided into living, burial and garbage areas.A large number of freshwater shellfish, especially snails, are still a dietary hero.Options include gourds, winter melon, cherimoya, rice and millet.Due to the high consumption of roots, 61% of people have cavities.They make clam daggers and fish head knives from clam shells.Using animal bones to grind hairpins, firing corded or basket grain pottery kettle, pottery pot.He makes pointed wood, and he grinds fish hooks out of bone.Dingshishan Ii and III Pottery (BC6000-BC5000) Dingshishan people collect meteorites, and they may be the earliest meteorite collectors in China and even the world.DNA shows that Dingshishan is related to the Zhuang and Dong people.Dry fence construction, eating snail hobby has been followed up to now.(Cave burials between cliff walls, which began in the late Neolithic period and were superimposed on the Ruins of Beiqiu, provide an early link to hanging coffins in Mount Wuyi and Zhejiang.) Guangxi was the cultural highland of southern China at that time.On the whole, during this millennium, south China was rich in food resources and still used caves as living space. The earliest stilted architecture in China has emerged, which shows us a cultural evolution pattern different from that in the north.As a whole, around this time in 8000, southern China south of the Huai River was weaker than the north.At that time, the northeast of China as jade culture highland, continued to develop in depth, liaohe river basin produced the rudiment of dragon culture.To the east of Taihang Mountain and the lower reaches of the Yellow River, a north-south cultural exchange channel has been formed.Pei Ligang’s music in Henan developed in depth and produced the rudiment of writing.In the south: the immortal cave in Jiangxi is silent.Zhejiang continues to maintain the status of Chinese cultural highland for the last thousand years, represented by the Jingtou Shan-Kuahuqiao Bay cultural belt on the south bank of Hangzhou Bay.The Yongjiang River Valley in Guangxi province is the cultural highland of South China, showing the cultural evolution pattern different from that of the north.The two lakes area is in the accumulation stage, which is the accumulation of the later growth.Geographically, the area near the boundary between the second step and the third step continues to maintain its position as a cultural intensive zone.Is it geographical determinism or what causes lingnan and the minnan area near nanling to stay in the cave age during this one thousand years?Food supervisor: travel mountains, wading, foraging, exploring history!