What makes this year different?

2022-05-18 0 By

To some extent, the Spring Festival travel rush is a barometer of China’s population mobility.The destination and destination of the Spring Festival travel rush not only connect two different places, but also home and far away.What will happen to what was once the largest human migration on earth?2021 is a special year in the history of Spring Festival travel rush, as the grim situation of the epidemic has made many people become “original year people”.This year, due to the epidemic situation in China and the adjustment of returning home policies in many places, many migrant workers returned to their hometowns for the holiday, while some chose to stay behind.According to the migration big data of Baidu Map, the overall migration trend chart of China since January 10 shows that the trend of population migration this year is higher than that of 2021 on a daily basis.Take two-day data as an example: On January 17, the 2022 Spring Festival travel rush kicked off. On the first day of this year’s Spring Festival travel rush, the national migration scale index was 345.187, a certain increase compared with 2021 (279.758 in the same period of the lunar calendar), but still far lower than 2020 (497.460 in the same period of the Lunar calendar).For example, on January 29, just past, two days before the Lunar New Year’s Eve, the national migration scale index was 510.917, a larger increase compared with 2021 (276.778 for the same period of the lunar calendar), but still lower than 2020 (621.211 for the same period of the Lunar calendar).The data show that the migration trend is in full swing as the holiday season approaches.According to big data, in the past five days from January 25 to 29, guangdong province ranked first among the most popular departure places in China, accounting for 17.17% to 19.90% of the total number of people leaving the country.The top three provinces in the five-day ranking are mainly in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Sichuan.In terms of provinces, Guangdong ranked first among the most popular destination (destination) in China during the five days from January 25 to 29, accounting for about one tenth of the country’s total migrant population.The top three provinces in the five-day ranking are mainly in Sichuan, Anhui and Hunan.By city, the most popular departure points from January 25 to 29 were mainly in Guangdong province, such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Dongguan, and Chengdu in Sichuan province.In the five days, the most popular destinations are more regular, the top three are Chongqing, Chengdu and Guangzhou.Five days of data show that whether it is a popular destination for emigration or a popular destination for emigration, Guangdong province ranks the first in China and is far ahead.The “two-way flow” of Guangdong province, while attracting a large number of people, is also one of the provinces with the largest number of migrant workers.In addition to regional economic development factors, the differences in population mobility among regions are also affected by epidemic diseases and other factors.In today’s Beijing, the scale of migration is not as large as usual. In the recent five days of big data, Beijing only appeared twice in the top ten cities for emigration and emigration, and ranked relatively low.Passengers take a bus at Guangzhou Railway Station in Guangzhou, South China’s Guangdong province, Jan. 17, 2019.According to a travel guide for the 2022 Spring Festival Holiday, passenger traffic will remain stable before the holiday, with a peak of traffic congestion expected on Feb 6.According to the guideline, due to the impact of staggered peak travel and other epidemic prevention and control initiatives, daily passenger traffic remained stable until New Year’s Eve, with a significant decrease on New Year’s Eve, and a small peak of traffic congestion on highways nationwide may occur from 10:00 to 12:00 on February 2.In the return phase, the peak of national expressway congestion will come from 15:00 to 17:00 on February 6 (the sixth day of the first lunar month), and the peak of passenger traffic volume will come after February 15 (the 15th day of the first lunar month).According to the Joint Prevention and control mechanism of The State Council, 1.18 billion trips are expected to be made during the Spring Festival travel rush in 2022, with 29.5 million trips per day, up 35.6% from 2021 and down 20.3% from 2020.