Bamboo building is a symbol of the Dai nationality in China

2022-06-21 0 By

What is a Bamboo Building the Bamboo building, as its name implies, is a building made of bamboo.It can be interpreted as a house built with bamboo as the main building material for people to live in.Residents in a place are accustomed to building their houses with bamboo instead of bricks and tiles, which should be decided by the following factors: First, there is a lot of bamboo in the place, which is easy to purchase, easy to process, and low cost; otherwise, people will not choose this material.Second, the local temperature is not too low all year round, because bamboo buildings are not too warm, if the temperature is too low for a certain period of time, it is not suitable for human living.Third, there was a lot of rain in the area and the ground was wet. The bamboo building had two floors. People lived in the upper floors, and the lower floors kept animals and piled furniture and utensils, with a clear division of labor.The roof of the bamboo building is double sloping, mostly woven “grass row”, which is convenient for draining rainwater.Bamboo building where bamboo building in China, mainly distributed in Yunnan Province xishuangbanna and Dehong Prefecture dai, Jinuo ethnic areas.Xishuangbanna and Dehong prefecture are located in the northern edge of the tropical zone, with Ailao Mountain and Wuliang Mountain as barriers to the north, which block the cold current from the south.In the south, the east and west sides are close to the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. Influenced by the southwest monsoon in the Indian Ocean and the southeast Pacific airflow in summer, the climate features high temperature and heavy rain, distinct dry and wet seasons but no obvious four seasons.Xishuangbanna and Dehong prefecture have plenty of rain and sunshine.During the wet season, there are more clouds and rain, less wind speed, less sunshine, high temperature and high humidity.During the dry season, there are few clouds and rain, strong light and thick fog and dew.Xishuangbanna has the only tropical rainforest nature reserve in China, which is a national ecological demonstration area, a national scenic spot and a member of the United Nations Biodiversity Protection Circle. It has 1/6 of the plant species and 1/4 of the animal species in China, with a forest coverage rate of 80.8%.The climate characteristics of Xishuangbanna and Dehong prefecture are suitable for all the conditions for local residents to build bamboo houses, and the local area is rich in large bamboo such as dragon bamboo, yellow bamboo, long tongue giant bamboo, which are good materials for building bamboo houses.Bamboo Forest of Xishuangbanna Bamboo House Bamboo house is the symbol of the Dai people in Xishuangbanna.In the early years of the bamboo building, mostly “dry column” type building, mainly built with bamboo as the material, bamboo column, bamboo beam, bamboo purlin, bamboo rafters, bamboo door, bamboo wall, and some places even tile roof is also made of bamboo, bamboo can be broken in two.Because the main use of bamboo to build the cover, with stilted bars, divided into two layers, so called bamboo building.Bamboo building in the Bamboo Forest bamboo building is the name of the Dai people living in The Building. The dai people in Xishuangbanna do not call it this way. They call the bamboo building they live in “very”.”Very” is short for “huang Very”;The word “huang very” is a homonym of “Bake Heng”.”Bake Heng” is the phoenix wings ready to fly.This leads to a folk tale that explains the origin of the bamboo building.Legend, the founder of the Dai is Paiyasang Modi, he had built green flat roof houses, also built a Dai called “Du Madsome” dog shack, but always unable to shelter from wind and rain.At his wits’ end, the god of heaven turned into a phoenix and flew to him in the midst of a thunderstorm. He lowered his head and lowered his tail, spread his wings slightly, and stood on his feet as if he were about to fly. The rain fell down the phoenix feathers from all around.Inspired by this, Payasang Mudi built a tall bamboo building with four sides of slopes, and called it “Hang Heng”, which gradually evolved into “Hang very” and “very”.With the continuous development of China’s reform and opening up and the sustainable development of economy and society, especially the rapid development of tourism in Xishuangbanna, the construction of bamboo buildings in Dai village is now obviously different from that in ancient times.One is from the functional positioning, the construction of the hotel building, dining and wine teahouse, view building and view building and so on, more reflects the tourism scenic spot viewing, accommodation, catering and other practical nature, as far as possible to achieve green environmental protection, close to nature.Second, in the building materials, the load-bearing part of the interior of the house is more wooden structure, steel and wood structure and reinforced concrete structure.However, the architectural appearance still maintains the traditional shape, so slowly formed the dai bamboo building group combining ancient culture and modern civilization.Bamboo buildings are found everywhere and were originally the exclusive property of the Dai people and the minority ethnic groups living with them.And now, the use of bamboo buildings, larger than the original expansion.From the ethnic point of view, the original bamboo building is mainly the Dai nationality, and now live with dai compatriots in Xishuangbanna, Dehong Prefecture jinuo, Bulang, Lahu, as well as Hani in Yunnan, Xiangxi Miao, etc., there are bamboo building.From the geographical point of view, bamboo buildings were mainly concentrated in Xishuangbanna and Dehong Prefecture, but now many areas south of the Yangtze River, especially Sichuan, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, southeast Xizang and other places also have bamboo buildings.From tourist attractions, that can not be said, in order to promote the development of tourism, increase the attraction of scenic spots to tourists, like yurts have entered many tourist attractions in the north, bamboo buildings have also been widely into more tourist attractions in the south, this is not the original meaning of bamboo buildings, can not be discussed in our scope.